CHINESE JOURNAL OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS
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2,4-二硝基苯甲醚(DNAN)基熔铸炸药研究进展
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1.西安近代化学研究所;2.北京理工大学爆炸科学与技术国家重点实验室, 北京 100081;3.安徽东风机电科技股份有限公司

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Research Progress of 2,4-Dinitroanisole-based Melt-cast Explosives
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1.Xi′an Modern Chemistry Research Institute, Xi′an 710065, China;2.State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China, 3. Anhui Dongfeng Machinery and Electronic Co.Ltd, Hefei 230022, China

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    摘要:

    随着弹药安全性要求的不断提升,传统2,4,6-三硝基甲苯(TNT)基熔铸炸药在制造、运输和使用过程中暴露出的问题使其安全性不能达到钝感弹药的技术要求,2,4-二硝基苯甲醚(DNAN)基熔铸炸药是近年来逐渐发展起来的一类可以替代TNT基炸药的钝感炸药。本文在系统跟踪近十年来国内外研究动态的基础上,综述了DNAN的合成及性能,DNAN基熔铸炸药爆炸特性、安全性、安定性、贮存特性、易损性、力学特性及流变特性等最新的研究与进展。展望了DNAN基熔铸炸药研究的热点和难点。

    Abstract:

    In accordance with increasing stringent ammunition safety requirements, the manufacture, transportation and applications of traditional 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT)-based melt-cast explosives will not fulfill those safety standards. Recently, the melt-cast explosives based on 2,4-Dinitroanisole (DNAN) as substitute for those of TNT has aroused great attentions. In this paper, the research progress of DNAN-based melt-cast explosives in the last ten years were summarized towards their synthesis, physicochemical properties, energetic and sensitive performance, mechanical and rheological performances. Furthermore, the main research hotspots about DNAN-based melt-casting explosives in the future were also prospected in this article.

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蒙君煚,周霖,曹同堂,等.2,4-二硝基苯甲醚(DNAN)基熔铸炸药研究进展[J].含能材料,2020,28(1):13-24. DOI:10.11943/CJEM2018359.
MENG Jun-jiong, ZHOU Lin, CAO Tong-tang, et al. Research Progress of 2,4-Dinitroanisole-based Melt-cast Explosives[J]. Chinese Journal of Energetic Materials, 2020, 28(1):13-24. DOI:10.11943/CJEM2018359.

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历史
  • 收稿日期: 2018-12-24
  • 最后修改日期: 2019-06-17
  • 录用日期: 2019-05-07
  • 在线发布日期: 2019-06-06
  • 出版日期: 2020-01-21