CHINESE JOURNAL OF ENERGETIC MATERIALS
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CL-20制备及晶体研究进展
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北京理工大学材料学院, 北京 100081

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基金项目:

中国博士后科学基金(2020M670168, 2020M680390),国家自然科学基金(21975023)


Research Progress of Synthesis and Processing of CL-20
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School of Materials Science & Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China

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    摘要:

    CL-20是迄今为止能量水平最高并可工程化生产的单质含能化合物,是第三代含能材料的典型代表,在新型武器装备的装药中具有极大的应用前景。CL-20的最优化合成生产以及CL-20基高能低感含能材料的制备是当前含能材料发展的重要方向。全文分析和总结了两次氢解路线制备CL-20过程各中间产物的相关研究发展状况,结合各反应中间体制造过程中所面临的问题给出了解决建议和展望分析。此外,讨论了CL-20结晶产物的研究进展,结构特征和主要性能。通过对CL-20的制备及晶体进行相关梳理,总结出低成本,高产率,高纯度,环境友好化是CL-20未来合成工艺的发展方向。

    Abstract:

    As a typical representative of the third generation energetic materials, 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20) is currently the most powerful energetic compound that has already been commercially available. The important research directions are, at present, the optimum synthesis of CL-20 and the preparation of CL-20-based high energy and low sensitivity energetic compounds in the development of energetic materials. The development status of the intermediates in the preparation of CL-20 was analyzed and summarized. The solutions and prospects of the intermediates were also proposed. In addition, the research progress, structural characteristics and main properties of CL-20 crystal products were also discussed. Through sorting out the synthesis and crystals of CL-20, it is concluded that low-cost, high yield, high purity and environmental friendliness are the future development direction of the synthesis process of CL-20.

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费腾,来祺,张文瑾,等. CL-20制备及晶体研究进展[J].含能材料,2021,29(4):352-368. DOI:10.11943/CJEM2020302.
FEI Teng, LAI Qi, ZHANG Wen-jin, et al. Research Progress of Synthesis and Processing of CL-20[J]. Chinese Journal of Energetic Materials, 2021, 29(4):352-368. DOI:10.11943/CJEM2020302.

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历史
  • 收稿日期: 2020-11-24
  • 最后修改日期: 2021-01-28
  • 录用日期: 2021-01-20
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-01-22
  • 出版日期: 2021-04-25